Racism Solidarity Soil Erosion Workers Rights National Identity Empathy Dialogue Quality of LIfe China Oppression Boycott Indigenous Rights Discrimination Labor Cycle of Violence Government Accountability Freedom of Expression Change Subjugation Freedom from Violence Economic systems Transparency Censorship Torture Conflict Resolution Untouchables Peace Civic values laogai Farm Modern Slavery Coalition of Immokalee Workers Human Rights Factory Farm Non-violent Activism Migrant Labor Justice Identity Health Care freedom from discrimination Malnutrition Social activism Exploitation Rights Potable Water Bonded Labor freedom from persecution Citizenship Religious Freedom Children's Rights Forgiveness Family Farmer Access and Equity Political systems Refugee Human trafficking Accord Fear Womens Rights Labor Reform
Cycle of Violence
From Bystander to Active Peace Builder
Individual responsibility Police Brutality Transparency Government Accountability Forgiveness Oppression Conflict Resolution Cycle of Violence
Mairead Corrigan Maguire was not actively involved with the Northern Ireland peace movement until she came face-to-face with violence in 1976. On August 10th, Danny Lennon and John Chillingworth of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), were driving through Belfast, with a rifle in their car. The IRA wanted to form a united Ireland through physical force that would be outside of United Kingdom control.
British troops, claiming that the rifle had been pointed at them, opened fire on the car instantly killing Lennon and seriously wounding Chillingworth. The car veered onto the sidewalk striking Mairead’s sister Anne and three of her children. While Anne survived, her three children died. Another peace activist, Betty Williams, also witnessed the crash and assembled 200 women to march for an end to the violence. When the marchers passed by Maguire’s home she quickly joined in.
Shortly after the march, Community of Peace People was founded by Maguire and Williams. Based on their shared belief that reconciliation was possible through the gradual integration of schools, residential areas and athletic clubs. Community of Peace People organized summer camps for Catholics and Protestants youths in an effort to create friendships in a secure and tolerant environment. The organization also published a biweekly paper, Peace by Peace, and provided families of prisoners’ bus service to and from Belfast’s jails.
In 1976, Maguire and Betty Williams were awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for their contributions to the resolution of the problems in Northern Ireland. Since winning the award, Mairead Corrigan Magurie co-founded the Committee on Administration of Justice, a human rights organization that has been actively involved in the attempt to free political prisoners world-wide, from Nobel Peace Prize winners Burma’s Aung San Suu Kyi to China’s Liu Xiaobo of China.